Toronto Cat Rescue

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

Part 1 of a 3 Part Series on Feline Viruses

Senior FIV+ Oscar (adopted!)

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) infects all types of cats from the larger cats (e.g leopards, cougars, lions) to domestic house cats. Most at risk for infection are male non-neutered, outdoor cats that often get into severe fights with other cats. FIV affects the feline immune system, which makes the cat more susceptible to disease. The virus is only contagious to other cats, and is transmitted through saliva and blood (i.e. through deep bite wounds and very rough fighting). More casual contact such as sharing litter boxes or feeding bowls and mutual grooming are NOT methods of transmission of the virus. It is even suggested that it is unlikely for an FIV+ mother to transmit FIV to her kittens. A cat that tests positive for FIV may never develop full-blown FIV and can live a very long and healthy life if kept indoors in a low stress environment, fed high-quality food and have any secondary health issues treated when they arise.

Toronto Cat Rescue happily has had many successful FIV+ cat adoptions!  TCR believes these cats deserve a chance at a normal home like any other.  Our experienced volunteers (we are not vets) believe that FIV+ cats do not have to be adopted into single-cat homes, or into homes with only FIV+ cats.   If you have laid back cats at home there should be no concerns of adding a cat-friendly FIV cat to your family.  We charge our standard adoption fee.  Don’t judge an FIV+ cat based on a blood test – they are amazing cats who just want to be loved!

Learn more from this excellent resource, educate yourself, so you can educate others – FIV: Catching a Bad Case of Rumours.

BIG Adoption News & Donations Desperately Needed

Amazing news for Mandy and Kim – today they were adopted into their forever family!

Thank you to everyone who has donated to Mandy & Kim’s $8,000 vet bill. To-date we have raised 11% of our goal! TCR still needs a lot of help to reach the goal, so please donate if you are able.  Donations of $10 or more receive a tax receipt (and our sincere appreciation)!  Please help spread the news of our plight via the share buttons on this posting.  Click “Tweet” to have this message shared on Twitter, or click the Facebook Like button to share this post on your Facebook wall.  Hopefully we can spread the word to generous friends and family to donate to “Mandy & Kim’s Medical Bill” – make sure everyone writes that with the donation, so we can include it in our grand total… and reflect it on the fancy thermometer below.  To donate, view our Ways to Donate page, our Cat Sponsorship page, or click the thermometer for a direct link to our CanadaHelps page.  Thank-you everyone for helping!

Fundraising Thermometer

Declawing: When to do it and when not to do it

Written By: Alex D. – TCR Volunteer.

If your attention span is very short, I will stick the main point of this article – there is never a right time to declaw your kitty. I know most of us already know the process and the risk undertaken with such surgery procedures, but for those of us that don’t or need a refresher here are some facts.

We cannot show you any relevant declawing pics here, so we have replaced them with happy kitty shots. (Note: they are happy because nobody cut off part of their bones). Seriously though, do not Google image search “declawing”… it’s not cool and once you see the images, you cannot un-see them.

Huey doesn't want to be declawed

Feel free to share this information with any other kitty owners. Umm, make that, as a TCR helper it is your duty to share this information with kitty owners out there. Ok, now to the facts:

• It hurts – a lot. It is a painful surgical procedure with a very lengthy recovery time. Period.

• Recovery time is longer than you think; sometimes the cat never fully recovers. Unlike humans who can reason and who are pretty much at the top of the food chain (as long as that Jurassic Park thing never materializes), cats on the other hand have somewhat limited brain power. They can’t, and won’t, understand what happened to them, and why their primary method of defense has been removed. It’s like someone chopping off your arms and throwing you in the middle of the jungle.. with a lobotomy to boot. Now you will be in the same situation as a freshly declawed kitty.

• It is NOT the same process as trimming a pets nails. If you have ever given your pet a mani/pedi then you probably observed that it doesn’t bleed as long as you don’t cut too short. Click here for steps on clipping cats nails.

• A cat’s claw is not a simple nail like you have on your fingers and toes (ideally 10 on each). A cat’s claw is part of the paw’s bone structure. When the vet declaws, part of the bone has to be cut off. Now, think of the feeling if someone cut off part of your bones.

• Recovery time is exacerbated by the cat’s need to walk, stand up, and pretty much live their daily life. Cats don’t have hospital beds, wheelchairs, nor rehabilitation centers. Although some cartoon cats are the exception.

• Cats don’t have an infinite supply of pain meds, muscle relaxants, sleeping aids etc. We don’t yet have the technology to translate the different tones of ‘meow’ into “something hurts”, “something hurts over here”, “I can’t sleep”, “I have a migraine” – last one applicable only to female kitties, after their life partner goes tomcatting around the neighborhood.

Austin playing with Pierre vs. scratching your couch

All of the above translate into tremendous psychological trauma for the kitty. And for the sake of time we’ll ignore all other problems that may also occur, such as post-op infections, litter box issues, hissing. If your sofa is that much more precious to you than your companion, then make a decision and only keep one: the kitty or the sofa. Try to find someone who will adopt your cat that won’t put him through so much hardship.

So, what can I do sir vs. declawing? Searching the internet can yield numerous solutions from special scratching posts to elastic claw caps. Kitties with a play-friend or sibling are also less prone to scratching furniture. Whatever option you try, it is most important that you actually spend time with your cat. Like all training, you need to dedicate time. It doesn’t take long and only your physical presence can ensure the best results.

Learn & Share:

1. Talking to your vet is strongly recommended. They will be able to confirm all the points above.

2. More Information: Read TCR’s one pager on DECLAWING CATS. Check out declawing.com, which has useful links for alternative solutions to declawing.

3. If you want a declawed companion, please adopt a cat that has already been declawed by their previous owner, see our Available Cats section.

Toronto Cat Rescue believes the practice of declawing is a form of mutilation. We DO NOT declaw ANY cat.